The lead mobility systems engineer for Mars 2020, Rich Rieber said that Mars Rover 2020 had earned its driver’s license.
The major milestone regarding Mars 2020 is that there has been a test that made it unquestionably proved that it could operate its weight and, for the first time, have also demonstrated many autonomous navigation functions.
The first spin for the Mars rover by engineers of NASA took place on Dec 17, 2019. This attempt took place in the Spacecraft Assembly Facility Cleanroom of NASA.
Table of content:
- Launching the Rover and its time and place
- The specialty of the Rover
- Objectives of the Mars 2020
- Missions of the Mars 2020
What was the scheduled time for the launching of the Rover on Mars?
The Mars 2020 mission will search for the signs of past microbial life, and it’s scheduled to get launched in July or August 2020.
They also start characterizing climate of Mars and also their geology, have started collecting samples for the return to earth in the future, they are also paving the way for the exploration by humans on the red planet.
There has been a time and area of launching it, Feb 18 of 2021, and a place called Jezero Crater. The deputy project scientist for Mars 2020 has said that for ultimately fulfilling the mission, we need ample space to launch it, and for reaching science goals also we need sufficient space.
What was the specialty of this Rover?
The Mars 2020 rover has designed to make more decisions regarding driving than any other previous rover.
This Mars 2020 is a well-equipped one with higher resolution, wide field of view color navigation camera, a new computer brain for the processing of the images, and maps. It is also well assisted with sophisticated auto navigation software, for added durability, designed with wheels.
The upgrades for the Rover allow the Rover to average for about 650 feet per Martian day. NASA’s Opportunity rover has set a record for putting this into perspective. The longest drive has made that in a single Martian day, there were 702 feet. The Mars rover 2020 has discovered to record the current planet-wide drive distance.
A time of about more than 10 hours marathon has made, and a demonstration of all systems taken place working in the concert, the Rover is steered. It is turned and driven in 3-foot increments above small ramps covered with some unique static control mats.
As the systems have performed well on the earth’s gravity, the engineers expect that the systems would work better under Mars gravity, which is about only three eights strong.
With the help of Radar Imager for Mars Subsurface Experiment (RIMFAX), the Rover can gather it.
The JPL is under the process of building and manages the operations of the Mars 2020 rover for NASA. The Launch Services Program of NASA, based on the agency the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida, is responsible for the management of the launch.
The Mars 2020 rover project is a part of a more extensive program that includes the applications to the moon as a way to prepare for human exploration on the red planet.
NASA has charged and returned astronauts from the moon by 2024, it is planning to establish a sustained presence of human life on and around the moon by 2028, with the help of NASA’s Artemis lunar exploration plans.
What were the objectives of Rover 2020
The mission is seeking all possible ways for habitual situations on Mars, and they are searching for microbial life in the past.
The Science Definition Team has proposed that Rover collect and package 31 sample rock cores and the surface soil for the later mission for bringing back the definitive analysis on earth.
The Rover will be exploring the site, and it seeks the signs of past life, and it is set aside with a returnable cache with a compelling core of rock and soil samples.
It estimated that the mission and launching would cost about US$2.1 billion, and the Mars Science Laboratory estimates the total task as $2.5 billion.
What is the Mission of the Rover 2020?
The current date, which is estimated to launch Mars 2020, is July 22, 2020, where the situations are likely to be optimal on the earth and Mars.
The mission is set to have launched on Jezero crater, which is suggested by the scientists that speculated to be a bottomless lake about 3.9 billion to 3.5 billion years ago.
The Jezero is featured as a prominent delta flowing through and has deposited much sediment above the eons.
Conclusion: The Mars rover mission is NASA’s exploration program on Mars; they are very much trying to make it successful and want to know all the things and available resources on the red planet.